Richard Baxter, in his work On the Imputation of Christ’s Righteousness, lists those German divines who asserted that it was Christ’s passive obedience only which served as the ground for our justification. Beginning on pg. 17 (in the 1675 ed.), he lists:
“and many more”
Baxter then moves on to others who followed in this tradition of promoting the passive obedience of Christ as the sole ground of justification. He names John Cameron and his French divines, Lubbertus, Forbes, Wotton, and Gataker.
To these divines, we can also add (from our own studies) Rollock, Twisse, and Vines.
Baxter doesn’t think that the only alternatives are passive only or active & passive together in the same way. He lists Davenant as a middle way, which he himself will follow, and I will investigate this position in the future.