Plato on Music

You always hear that Plato is a rationalist, the great promoter of brains in the sky.  He certainly didn’t want man’s emotions getting in the way, and thus he didn’t appreciate the arts or music.

I have some idea of where this came from, but it has to be said that it is demonstrably false.  Here’s Socrates from Plato’s Republic, book III:

And therefore, I said, Glaucon, musical training is a more potent instrument than any other, because rhythm and harmony find their way into the inward places of the sound, on which they mightily fasten, imparting grace, and making the soul of him who is rightly educated graceful, or of him who is ill-educated ungraceful: and also because he who has received this true education of the inner being will most shrewdly perceive omissions or faults in art and nature, and with a true taste, while he praises and rejoices over and receives into his soul the good, and becomes noble and good, he will justify blame and hate the bad, now in the days of his youth, even before he will recognize and salute the friend with whom his education has made him long familiar.

Yes, he said, I quite agree with you in thinking that it is for such reasons that they should be trained in music…

Oh to have more Platonism in schools these days!


Carl Schmitt on the Partisan

At the recommendation of Peter Escalante, I just read Carl Schmitt’s Theory of the Partisan.  It is a relatively short book, adapted from lectures given in 1963.  That date makes it pre-Middle East crisis, but much of what Schmitt says about “the partisan” can easily be applied to what we now call “the terrorist.”  For that reason it is a relevant work.

Schmitt finds the origin of the partisan, which is an irregular combatant who fights without appropriate state backing, in the Spanish conflict with Napoleon’s France.  These men and their writings then found their way to von Clausewitz who writes the famous On War, which then works its way through Marx to Lenin, and then to Mao, moving on to Indo-China and French Algeria.  The concluding section deals with General Raoul Salan and investigates the necessary “third party” which always works to support the partisan.

It was a very timely read with which I hope to do more work in the future.